The Epic Riddle Of Dating Ramayana, Mahabharata
However the actual date proposed and the method used to arrive at it are indeed worthy of examination. It is common in early Vedic literature for verses to be dedicated to describing in great detail planetary positions at the time of important events. It was the ninth day of the increasing phase of the moon in the lunar month of Chaitra. Modern scholarship up until quite recently has not paid much attention to these descriptions. Recently these detailed planetary descriptions have been used to calculate dates using a computer program. Essentially, software can compute dates at which all the described planetary positions would occur simultaneously. Could the planetary descriptions have been inserted in later? Despite any other additions to the Ramayana which may have taken place more than one version exists of the Valmiki Ramayana with some variations , the actual descriptions of planetary positions are always the same, and according to the researchers the original source of these descriptions could only be someone who actually viewed the planetary positions and recorded them as an eye witness, and later these same descriptions were incorporated into the Ramayana. According to one of the researchers, Pushkar Bhatnagar, these planetary positions are impossible to manipulate or compute backwards or forwards without very complex software. And the positions would not recur for thousands of years.
RAMAYANA OF VALMIKI
By Sunaina Kumar “Would you like to see how the sky looked at the beginning of the war? The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it.
The Ramayana tells the story of a prince, Rama of Ayodhya, whose wife Sita is abducted by the demon (Rākshasa) king of Lanka, Rāvana. The Valmiki Ramayana is dated variously from BC to BC, or about co-eval with early versions of the Mahabhārata.
Share It all depends on what answer you are prepared to receive, for the answer is complicated and mired in politics. There are essentially two kinds of answers: For example, there is archaeological evidence of cities, now submerged under the sea, near the city now called Dwarka, in Gujarat. These are probably over 4, years old, dated to Harappan times.
This is an established fact. Faith-based answer will jump to the conclusion that this is the island-city of Dwarka whose destruction is described in the epic Mahabharata, the earliest available retelling of which is less than 2, years old. Fact-based answer will say, there is not enough evidence linking the two. Now, Hindus believe that time is cyclical. So there is no one Ramayana or Mahabharata. These events recur in every cycle kalpa.
Each cycle has four phases yuga , and Ramayana takes place in the second, and Mahabharata in the third.
What are the Scientific and Historical evidences of Mahabharata and Ramayana?
Background[ edit ] The Ramayana, holy revered text of Hindus , is believed by many archaeologists and historians to be a collection of stories from Hindu mythology concentrating on the work of the gods in the lives of men, and was first written down, as legend states, in the forests of India by Valmiki  in the fourth century BC. In the late first millennium, the epic was adopted by the Thai people.
The oldest recordings of the early Sukhothai kingdom , dating from the thirteenth century, include stories from the Ramayana legends. The history of the legends was told in the shade theater Thai: The Thai version of the legends were first written down in the eighteenth century, during the Ayutthaya kingdom , following the demise of the Sukhothai government.
The Ramayana, because of its single subject, has more unity and is far shorter than the Mahabharata, the other great Indian epic. In the many different recensions of the work, there are from 24, to 43, couplets of syllable lines.
An introduction to astronomy Equinox There are two equinoxes during the calender year: An equinox in astronomy is that moment in time not a whole day when the center of the Sun can be observed to be directly above the Earth’s equator, occurring around March 20 and September 23 each year. The one in March 20 is considered the spring equinox and the September equinox is the vernal equinox. Procession of the Equinox The precession of the equinoxes refers to the precession of Earth’s axis of rotation with respect to inertial space.
The positions of the equinoxes move westward along the ecliptic compared to the fixed stars on the celestial sphere. Currently, this annual motion is about The process is slow, but cumulative.
Chitrakoot: Abode of Ram for 11.5 Years & Where Tulsidas wrote the ‘Epic Ramayana’
People who belittle Ramayan as a mythology or a mere epic and Lord Ram as a fictitious character should be ready to give up their skepticism. Couple of years ago, two Chennai-based botanists came out with a three-year-long study which establishes that the Ramayan is a true life story authored by Valmiki, incorporating facts, figures, science and environment of the period.
All plants including flowers, trees, fruits mentioned in the Ramayan have been found to be true.
“The good (Lord Rama) vanquishes the evil (Ravana)”. In India the festival, Dussehra is based on the central theme of Ramayana.
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What are the Scientific and Historical evidences of Mahabharata and Ramayana?
The great Rishis of the Vedic age composed the hymns, fought their wars, and ploughed their fields; but they were neither Brahmins, nor Kshatriyas nor Vaisyas. The banks of the distant Ganga and Jumna are rarely alluded to; the scenes of war and social ceremonies are the banks of the Saraswati and her tributaries. This was the Hindu world when the hymns were composed. India’s first spiritual and cultural ambassador to the West, came to represent the religions of India at the World Parliament of Religions, held at Chicago has said:
The dating of the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a project that attracts intense debate as passionate pursuers apply new techniques to look for answers The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars.
Ramayana Masam Ramayana Masam is an important observance in the state of Kerala. Hindu organizations perform this ritual in almost all temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Ramayana is one of the greatest Hindu epics that hold great religious significance. During the Ramayana Masam, the recitation of Ramayana starts from the first day of the Karkidakam Masam and continues till the last day. Starting from the first day, every day during the Karkidakam Masam, all the members of the house gather, after sunset.
The reading of Ramayana is managed in a way that it ends on the last day of the Karkidakam Masam. Besides the practice of reading Ramayana during the Ramayana Masam in the households which is now a rarity , the recitation of this epic is done in Lord Vishnu temples. Several religious and spiritual organisations conduct plays, public discourses, recitals and quiz competition based on Ramayana during this month.
Scientific dating of ramayana – Politics and Nation
The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it. This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement— as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department—extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata.
By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years. He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place.
Sep 25, · Teeming with powerful deities, love-struck monsters, flying monkey gods, magic weapons, demon armies, and divine love, Ramayana tells the story of Rama, a god-turned-prince, and his quest to rescue his wife Sita after she is kidnapped by a demon king.
Vartak Introduction It has been believed that there is no evidence to determine the dates of events in the Ramayanic era. Some historians of the past even refuse to acknowledge that Rama and other characters from the Ramayana even existed. However, Sage Valmiki has recorded the dates if events in detail, albeit by describing the positions of stars and planets. To decipher the astronomical encodings has not been a trivial task, and not many have attempted to do so.
It should be noted that the ancient Indians had a prefect method of time measurement. They recorded the ‘tithis’, days according to the nakshatra on which the moon prevailed, the months, the seasons and even the different Solstices. By therefore noting a particular arrangement of the astronomical bodies, which occur once in many thousand years, the dates of the events can be calculated. Vartak has thus attempted to calculate the dates of important incidents that occured during the Ramayanic Era.
The correct astronomical records goes to show that Valmiki’s has chronicled an account of a true story and also, that the an advanced time measurement system was known to the Hindus Indians atleast years ago. Please refer to Dr. Vartak’s celebrated book “Vastav Ramayan” for further reading. Before coming to the astronomical method, it should be noted that the Mahabharat has recorded a number of facts about Ramayan and not otherwise.
Map of India during Ramayana and Mahabharata
Who wrote the great epic Ramayana? Traditionally, the Ramayana is ascribed to Vaalmiki, regarded as India’s first poet. The Indian tradition is unanimous in its agreement that the poem is the work of a single poet, the sage Valmiki, a contemporary of Rama and a peripheral actor in the drama. The story’s original version in Sanskr…it is known as Valmiki Ramayana, dating to approximately the 5th to 4th century B. Famous retellings include the Ramayanam of Kamban in Tamil ca.
Valmiki’s Ramayana gives a very accurate description of planetary positions at the birth date of Rama. Accordingly, when Lord Ram was born, the Sun was located in Aries, Saturn was in Libra, Jupiter and the Moon was shining in Cancer, Venus was seen in Pisces while Mars was in Capricorn.
The Sita of the Ramayana may have been named after a more ancient Vedic goddess Sita, who is mentioned once in the Rigveda as an earth goddess who blesses the land with good crops. In the Vedic period , she was one of the goddesses associated with fertility. A Vedic hymn Rig Veda 4: Her father Janaka had earned the sobriquet Videha due to his ability to transcend body consciousness; Sita is therefore also known as Vaidehi. Apart from Sitamarhi, Janakpur which is located in the present-day Province No.
She was discovered, adopted and brought up by Janaka , king of Mithila and his wife Sunaina. In Ramayana Manjari verses — , North-western and Bengal recensions of Valmiki Ramayana, it has been described as on hearing a voice from the sky and then seeing Menaka , Janaka expresses his wish to obtain a child and when he finds the child, he hears the same voice again telling him the infant is his spiritual child, born of Menaka.
Camille Bulcke , this motif that Sita was the real daughter of Janaka, as described in Ramopkhyana Mahabharata was based on the authentic version of Valmiki Ramayana. Later the story of Sita miraculously appearing in a furrow was inserted in Valmiki Ramayana. Some versions of the Ramayana suggest that Sita was a reincarnation of Vedavati.
Ravana tried to molest Vedavati and her chastity was sullied beyond Ravana’s redemption when she was performing penance to become consort of Vishnu. Vedavati immolated herself on a pyre to escape Ravana’s lust, vowing to return in another age and be the cause of Ravana’s destruction. She was duly reborn as Sita.
Mrunal Thakur dating her Kumkum Bhagya co-actor Arjit Taneja?
Ikshvaku dynasty[ edit ] Dasharatha is king of Ayodhya and father of Rama. He has three queens, Kausalya , Kaikeyi and Sumitra , and three other sons: Bharata , and twins Lakshmana and Shatrughna. Kaikeyi, Dasharatha’s favourite queen, forces him to make their son Bharata crown prince and send Rama into exile. Dasharatha dies heartbroken after Rama goes into exile. Rama is the main character of the tale.
Hence the dating for the composition of Ramayana by modern scholars should be understood in the sense that over the centuries some portions of the story had gone into oblivion and the scholars of that period (5 th or 4 th century B.C.) were able to retrieve those portions and codified the Ramayana.
A billion Hindus believe he did and an unbroken tradition of Rama… Indology Did Rama exist? A billion Hindus believe he did and an unbroken tradition of Rama worship has continued for thousands of years in India. Rama is also a hero in Indonesia despite it being a Muslim country , Thailand and in several other South East Asian countries. Without the weight of historical tradition, the Ramayana would have been swept away by the tidal waves of conquests that India suffered over a period of years.
A Ramayana ballet from Indonesia But there are others who argue that there is no proof Rama lived. These are the same people who will happily agree that a child can be conceived without human conception. Despite the overwhelming scientific evidence produced by the likes of Charles Darwin, they believe the earth was created in BC and that a certain being called god created the world in seven days.
Establishing the Historicity of Lord Rama and Ramayana
These days, the internet is flooded with two different dates for the birth of Ram obtained on the basis of astronomical dating, i. Sun in Aries 2. Venus in Pisces 3.
Aug 03, · common characters of ramayana and mahabharata – capt ajit vadakayil In the post MAYA, INCA, AZTEC CIVILIZATIONS DECODED – VADAKAYIL, a reader, who wishes to be anonymous raised a query. He wants to know why I have put Mahabharata at BC and Ramayana .
Translations from the Katha, Prasna and Chhandogya Upanishads. Puranas The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. There are also many other works termed Purana, known as ‘Upapuranas.
Wilson [ ] A primary text of the Vaishnava branch of Hinduism, and one of the canonical Puranas of the Vishnu category. Among the portions of interest are a cycle of legends of the boyhood deeds of Krishna and Rama. Wilson was one of the first Europeans to translate a Hindu sacred text from the original Sanskrit.
His style and annotations are exceptional and very readable. Subrahmanyam [ ] A Vishnu Purana with Dantesque descriptions of the afterlife, and details of Hindu funeral rites. Hollings [ ] English translation of a popular Hindi retelling of the Krishna cycle, based on the tenth book of the Bhagavata Purana.
This is a collection of laws attributed to Manu.